Digital Library at KKHSOU Help

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Subject Category Search

Digital Library at KKHSOU captures, distributes and preserves institute's output in digital form. Here you can find Administrative document like Acts, Ordinances, Minutes; various Faculty Publication like Articles, Working papers, Research reports, Conference papers, Academic presentations; News clippings, Theses and Dissertations, Public Lecture, Convocation Address, etc. Content grows regularly as new communities and collections are added to the Digital Library.


Browse allows you to go through a list of items in some specified order:

Browse by Community/Collection takes you through the communities in alphabetical order and allows you to see the subcommunities and collections within each community.

Browse by Title allows you to move through an alphabetical list of all titles of items in the Digital Library.

Browse by Author allows you to move through an alphabetical list of all authors of items in the Digital Library.

Browse by Subject allows you to move through an alphabetical list of subjects assigned to items in the Digital Library.

Browse by Date allows you to move through a list of all items in the Digital Library in reverse chronological order.


To search all of Digital Library, use the search box at the top of the navigation bar on the left (or the search box in the middle of the home page)

Search Box

To limit your search to a specific community or collection, navigate to that community or collection and use the search bar on that page.

Search Box

Digital Library (DSpace) uses the Jakarta Lucene search engine. Here are some search hints:

What is searched in the general keyword search
The word(s) you enter in the search box will be searched against the title, author, subject abstract, series, sponsor and identifier fields of each item's record.

If your site is enabled for full-text searching, the text you entered will also be searched against the full text of all archived documents.

What is not searched - Stop Words
The search engine ignores certain words that occur frequently in English, but do not add value to the search. These are:

"a", "and" , "are" , "as" , "at" , "be" , "but" , "by" , "for" , "if" , "in" , "into",

"is" ,"it" ,"no" , "not" , "of" , "on" , "or" , "such", "the" , "to" , "was"

Use an asterisk (*) after a word stem to get all hits having words starting with that root, for example:

   will retrieve selects, selector, selectman, selecting.

The search engine automatically expands words with common endings to include plurals, past tenses ...etc.

Phrase Searching
To search using multiple words as a phrase, put quotation marks (") around the phrase.

Exact word match
Put a plus (+) sign before a word if it MUST appear in the search result. For instance, in the following search the word "training" is optional, but the word "dog" must be in the result.

Eliminate items with unwanted words
Put a minus (-) sign before a word if it should not appear in the search results. Alternatively, you can use NOT. This can limit your search to eliminate unwanted hits. For instance, in the search


you will get items containing the word "training", except those that also contain the word "cat".

Boolean searching

The following Boolean operators can be used to combine terms. Note that they must be CAPITALIZED !

AND - to limit searches to find items containing all words or phrases combined with this operator, e.g.

will retrieve all items that contain BOTH the words "cats" and "dogs".

OR - to enlarge searches to find items containing any of the words or phrases surrounding this operator

will retrieve all items that contain EITHER the words "cats" or "dogs".

NOT - to exclude items containing the word following this operator, e.g.

will retrieve all items that contain the word "training" EXCEPT those also containing the word "cat".

Parentheses can be used in the search query to group search terms into sets, and operators can then be applied to the whole set, e.g.


The advanced search page allows you to specify the fields you wish to search, and to combine these searches with the Boolean "and", "or" or "not".

You can restrict your search to a community by clicking on the arrow to the right of the top box. If you want your search to encompass all of DSpace, leave that box in the default position.

Then select the field to search in the left hand column and enter the word or phrase you are searching in the right hand column. You can select the Boolean operator to combine searches by clicking on the arrow to the right of the "AND" box.

Note: You must use the input boxes in order. If you leave the first one blank your search will not work.


A controlled vocabulary is a set of terms which form a dictionary of descriptions of particular types of content or subject matter. These are maintained by standards bodies in order to standardise the way that similar materials are categorised in archives. This aids searching by increasing the likelihood that the relevant materials will be returned by the user's search.

Filtering the category list will remove from the list any terms which do not match the filter. The remaining terms are any category or sub category which contains the filter term anywhere in the heirarchy. Expanding each category will show you which terms (or sub terms) did match the filter.

To search the archive items by the subject category, check as many boxes next to the categories as necessary, before clicking "Search...". The search will return all items that either match the categories selected exactly, or which are categorised underneath a higher level category. Clicking on the "+" next to the category will expand the tree to show you what refinements are available for your selected category.


The Digital Library content is organized around Communities. Within each community there can be an unlimited number subcommunities and an unlimited number of collections. Each collection may contain an unlimited number of items. This organization gives Digital Library the flexibility to accommodate differing needs of communities by allowing them to

Each community has its own entry page displaying information, news and links reflecting the interests of that community, as well as a descriptive list of collections within the community.


Communities can maintain an unlimited number of collections in the Digital Library. Collections can be organized around a topic, or by type of information (such as working papers or datasets) or by any other sorting method a community finds useful in organizing its digital items. Collections can have different policies and workflows.

Each Digital Library collection has its own entry page displaying information, news and links reflecting the interests of users of that collection.



For help with using the Digital Library and questions about your specific site, please contact Dr. Gautam Kumar Sarma, Assistant Librarian, Central Library, Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University, Email-

For general information about the KKHSOU Central Library, visit the KKHSOU Library System.